Defect reporting and tracking system is a compulsory means of any software development project. Defects (or bugs) occur constantly during the team’s work. That is because all people make mistakes. You cannot do anything about that. All you can do is to find these mistakes and fix them. Defects are actually errors in the initial code. The final product may work improperly because of them. That is why all errors should be found at the stage of testing. Different software development projects include different models of testing. However, usually it is conducted at the final stage of work. The product can be tested either by the users or by the team. Defect reporting is the main stage in software testing. It is conducted after all defects are found.
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